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The 10 Lady Victims of Henri Landru, the Real Life Bluebeard

 

The 10 Lady Victims of Henri Landru, the Real Life Bluebeard

In the Land of Love in Paris, France, Henri Désiré Landru, the real-life Bluebeard was born on April 12, 1869 to a modest family. From Charles Perrault’s The Tales of Mother Goose, Bluebeard was a mean old character. Although he was very rich, and was a fine man suitable for any woman, he scared them away with his blue beard.  According to the story, Bluebeard nearly killed his wife, Anne by slitting her throat because she disobeyed his command, and found out about the secret cabinet where the dead bodies of his past seven wives were. He had killed them all before they got married.

Henri Landru was called the real-life Bluebeard because he attracted women with advertisements that he had put in the newspapers. These ads would read: “Widower with two children, aged 43, with comfortable income, serious and moving in good society, desires to meet widow with a view to matrimony,” and would be published in the Lonely Hearts section of the Parisian newspaper. And because World War I was happening during this time, there were a lot of widows who fell victim to Landru. In his lifetime, before he met his fate at the guillotine in February 1922, he murdered 10 ladies, including one of the ladies’ sons. Here are the 10 lady victims of the Real Life Bluebeard:

Madame Jeanne-Marie Cuchet

Madame Jeanne-Marie Cuchet

She was a 39-year old widow who had lived with André, her 16-year old son. She met Henri Landru at a time when it was difficulty to make ends meet because she kept a small-time job at a lingerie shop. As any romantic relation, their romance had challenging times, but they managed to make their relationship last. Before they were even married, during one of their fights Chuchet asked her brother-in-law to go to Landru’s villa with her so that they could make amends. Her brother-in-law found a chest with love letters to and from many other women. Instead of heeding her family’s advice to leave Landru, Cuchet moved to a villa in Vernouillet with her son. Landru also moved in with them, and the last time they were seen alive was in January 1915.

Madame Thérèse Laborde-Line

Madame Thérèse Laborde-Line

She was next. She was married to a hotel owner before she was widowed. July of 1915, when she moved in to Landru’s villa with two dogs was the last time she was seen alive. Her friends remember her telling them about marrying an irresistible engineer from Brazil. Her neighbors later reported that it was Henri Landru who took her furniture from her home, and moved them to his house. He also sent some of her furniture to a garage facility.

Madame Marie-Angélique Desiree Pelletier Guillin

Madame Marie-Angélique Desiree Pelletier Guillin

She was one of his more senior victims. She was already 51 years of age. The widow was last seen just a month after Madame Laborde-Dine disappeared, also in Landru’s villa. She had an inheritance of 22,000 Francs: something that was very attractive to Landru.

Madame Berthe-Anna Héon

Madame Berthe-Anna Héon

She also disappeared in the same year, just months later in December. She was last seen in Madame Cuchet’s villa in Vernouillet, where Landru moved in before his first murder.

Madame Anne Collomb

Madame Anne Collomb

She was last seen alive on Christmas Day, the same year that Madame Héon disappeared. Her sister, Madame Pelat, was worried that did not receive any replies to the letters she sent Anne, so she contacted the Mayor of Gambais in France.

Andrée-Anne Babelay

Andrée-Anne Babelay

She was only 19 years old. She was last seen in March of the following year. She was a mere servant girl who was of no use to Landru. Her murder still appears mysterious as she on her way to visit her mother when she met up with Landru, and disappeared.

Madame Célestine Buisson

Madame Célestine Buisson

She was courted by Landru after two years of being preoccupied with his other businesses and fraudulent ways. Like his other victims, Madame Buisson was a rich widow. After a year of courting her, Landru convinced her to move in with him alone. She sent her son to live with his aunt instead. She was last seen alive in April of 1917.

Madame Louise-Joséphine Jaume

Madame Louise-Joséphine Jaume

She was last seen alive in November of the same year. She mysteriously disappeared in Gambais. His villa in Gambais was searched by authorities after Madame Buisson’s sister, Mademoiselle Lacoste, searched for him. They only found the remains of two dogs in the villa. Later on, his neighbors reported unpleasant black smoke coming out of his chimney where he had a wrought iron stove installed.

Madame Anne-Marie Pascal

Madame Anne-Marie Pascal

She was then 38, went missing in the earlier part of 1918.

Madame Marie-Thérèse Marchadier

Madame Marie-Thérèse Marchadier

She was last seen alive almost a year later in January of 1919. She was known among French Army officers as an entertainer by the stage name “La Belle Mythese”. Landru visited her just wanting to buy her furniture. Eventually, their relationship developed into friendship. When she went with him to Gambais during the latter part of 1918, she had led herself to an untimely disappearance.

Through the investigation and trials, Henri Landru maintained that he was a gentleman. He never admitted to the murders, except for when finally, his stove was inspected, and they found bones and teeth of the ladies, as well as fasteners for women’s clothing. In April 1919, he was arrested by the police. He was in the company of another lady, this time, Fernande Segret, who was only 27 years old.

When authorities figured that he burned the remains of his victims, he was sentenced to death by guillotine. He was executed just months after he got convicted in 1922. His severed head is still on display at the Museum of Death in Hollywood, California.

15 Industries Where Women Got Involved in World War II. Wait Until You Learn What Roza Shanina Did for Russia

15 Industries Where Women Got Involved in World War II. Wait Until You Learn What Roza Shanina Did for Russia

The Second World War claimed millions of lives – both military and civilians – all over the world in the years that it lasted. The most infamous figure of World War II was Adolf Hitler, who led Germany to war against many nations in the world. Countless men enlisted in the military to fight for their respective countries, but there were also women who fought along the frontlines to defend their land. Most of these women were really not members of the military; they enlisted because they saw the need to be involved in the defense of their countries. One of these brave women who battled alongside the men was Roza Shanina. There were those who fought both in their home countries and abroad where their military had bases.

But the military was not the only field where the women excelled or got involved in during World War II. Because the men were deployed, whether voluntarily or compulsorily, women took the place of men in different jobs and industries. They were called on by their own countries to help the men not only in fighting, but in replacing them in their previous jobs before they were deployed in war. Prepare to be blown away by their bravery and willingness to serve.

Military

Military

Before the Wars, the military was a field that women were prohibited and was regarded only as men’s turf. But as the demand for more forces during World War II increased, many countries started to consider enlisting women to increase their numbers. There were a lot of notable women in the military during the Second World War, and of these was Roza Shanina. She was born Roza Georgiyevna Shanina in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia in 1924. Her older brother Mikhail Shanin was killed in combat in Leningrad. This was what prompted Roza Shanina to leave her job as a teacher in kindergarten and enlist in the military. She became a sniper for the Russian forces and her number of kills was listed at 59. She was eventually killed in combat in January of 1945. Other military tasks that women participated in were anti-aircraft gunners, mechanics, drivers and radio dispatchers.

Nursing

Nursing

Women with nursing and medical degrees helped in curing not only the ill during the war but most specially those who were wounded in combat. Many nurses were stationed in overseas bases to care for the wounded. They were not spared by the war as their bases were also targets for bombings by the enemies.

Ambulance Services

Ambulance Services

To make up for the lack of male work force during the War, women were required to drive ambulances that would transport the wounded and sick to hospitals. It was not a glamorous job to be an ambulance driver as the women were in constant contact with blood and gore, but they did what they had to do back then.

Factory Work

Factory Work

Many women chose to work in factories, with jobs ranging from making military uniforms, ammunition and many others. Long work hours took up most of women’s time and some even had to live near the factories where they worked to make it easy for them. Skilled females were paid less than their unskilled male counterparts, and because of this some women factory workers went on strike to demand for equal pay.

Voluntary Service

Voluntary Service

The Women’s Voluntary Service in London offered free services to military forces such as giving refreshments to fire fighters right after a raid, and many more free services. There were a million members by 1943, but majority of the members were the elderly population, because the younger women were working in factories and other places and no longer had the time to do volunteer work.

Industrial Operation

Industrial Operation

Welding, heavy equipment operation and repair and tractor operation were just some of the industrial jobs the women took on during the War. They became invaluable in this industry because the male workforce was deployed for war. There were no other else that would do their jobs but the women, so they took on these roles and did a great job of them.

Mechanical Jobs

Mechanical Jobs

Women were asked to drive trams, trains and other heavy automobiles so that the men can be freed from these jobs and focusing in fighting. They also became mechanics that could repair their own vehicles.

Engineering

Engineering

Even male engineers were enlisted to join the War, so the women took over their jobs and let everyone see that they too, could work this kind of job, and not only serve as housewives and do “women’s work”. They excelled in engineering during the War and later on they were encouraged to dabble in the industry even after the war.

Shipbuilding

Shipbuilding

Aside from building airplanes, the women were also trained to build ships that will serve as warships of their countries that will transport military forces into enemy waters.

Plumbing

Plumbing

Plumbing was another field that women were forced to work in. They took care of the plumbing needs of their community so that everyone will enjoy clean water for food and consumption.

Aircraft Building

Aircraft Building

Women were enlisted to help built airplanes for combat so that there were more aircraft that the government could use to battle their enemies. It was hard work, as the women were not used to hard labor prior to the War. But they did what they were asked and did a great job in building warplanes.

Secret Service

Secret Service

British women worked in the secret service. They were parachuted into France to gather information essential to give the Brits leverage against the French during the invasion of Normandy in 1944. It was dangerous work for women because torture, capture and death were what awaited them if they were caught spying.

Women’s Land Army

Women’s Land Army

When the men got deployed to war at home or overseas, the number of farmers dwindled drastically, so the Australian government enlisted the help of women to till the soil and plant food so that the country would not run out of food resources, especially during the War. Working conditions were harsh, as many women farm workers were forced to live in isolated communities without electricity, running water and the basic necessities.

Auxiliary Territorial Service

Auxiliary Territorial Service

In Britain during the war, the Army had the Auxiliary Territorial Service branch. The ads for women to join were very enticing, leading them to believe that the jobs in the ATS were glamorous, and they would wear khaki uniforms just like those in the forces. The latter was true, but the former was just a ploy to get women to join the ATS. The jobs that waited for them were to clean mess halls, become cleaners, drivers and even potato peelers.

Evacuation Officers

Evacuation Officers

Women also served as evacuation officers in charge of transporting women, children and the elderly to evacuation camps to keep them safe from bombings, air raids and gunfire.

It can never be denied the importance of women like Roza Shanina during World War II, not just in fighting with guns but also taking over the jobs that the men left to fight for their countries. There is not much recognition for the women during the War, but these days they are still remembered for their invaluable contributions.

Top 13 Bill Cosby Facts You May Not Know About Including the Rebranding of the So-Called Bill Cosby Pudding

Top 13 Bill Cosby Facts You May Not Know About Including the Rebranding of the So-Called Bill Cosby Pudding

While comedian Bill Cosby may be in over his head at this point, with allegations of sexual assault plunging his public image into deep water, his impact as an actor, product endorser, and advocate for education are still more or less undeniable. He had been a symbol of civil rights, being an African-American comedian and actor who garnered success during and after the Civil Rights Movement, showing that African-Americans can indeed succeed. His life and career have definitely been eventful, so here are 12 facts you may not know much about that spans over five decades, including a bit about the Bill Cosby pudding commercials.

A Stand-up Comedian

A Stand-up Comedian

While much of Bill Cosby’s career is known for his extensive television work, comedy connoisseurs would point to his stand-up act as his best work. He dropped out of college to pursue his comedy career, taking up the microphone at clubs in Philadelphia and New York during the 1960s. He would then book dates in Chicago, Las Vegas, San Francisco, and Washington D.C. He then appeared in The Tonight Show on NBC at the summer of 1963, then got a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records. He would release his debut LP “Bill Cosby is a Very Funny Fellow… Right!” that would propel him to comedy stardom.

His Comedy

His Comedy

He did his stand-up work mostly during the same time as the Civil Rights Movement, wherein many African-American comedians were pushing the envelope by including racial topics in their comedy. Cosby was the exception, with his comedy mostly consisting of humorous recollections of his childhood. Audiences have wondered about this and some even criticized his choice of material, especially after he gained national exposure. He would defend his comedy; arguing that, “A white person listens to my act and he laughs and he thinks, ‘Yeah, that’s the way I see it too.’ Okay. He’s white. I’m Negro. And we both see things the same way. That must mean that we are alike. Right? So I figure this way I’m doing as much for good race relations as the next guy.”

Start of His TV Stardom

Start of His TV Stardom

For most people, they know Bill Cosby for his television work. He started this by being cast in the weekly adventure series I Spy on NBC. After the series had been rejected by four stations, it then became a ratings hit and Cosby garnered three consecutive Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series. While accepting his third award, he exclaimed in his acceptance speech, “Let the message be known to bigots and racists that they don’t count!” He would continue to do stand-up comedy while pursuing other TV projects, culminating in The Bill Cosby Show. It ran for two seasons and garnered modest success, and The New Bill Cosby Show was much of the same. He would then get a hit with the Saturday morning show Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, a show he hosted that would become closely associated with him even after it ended.

Film Work During the 70s

Film Work During the 70s

It was the era of blaxploitation films, when many African-American actors performed stereotypical characters turned caricatures and parodies in movies made for urban black audiences. During this time, Bill Cosby went against the tide by joining forces with other African-American actors like Sidney Poiteir to make comedy films that were met with modest success, but most of it fell flat. It was during this time when Cosby’s career had hit a glass ceiling.

The Cosby Show

The Cosby Show

After the grueling stagnation period of the 1970s, it seemed that Bill Cosby somehow pulled himself out and went back on the upswing during the 1980s with the debut of The Cosby Show on September 1984. It was a sitcom that responded to the increasing vulgarity and violence in network television at the time, featuring an upper middle class African-American family with parents who are college educated and financially successful, as well as children who are being raised to do the same. The show would go off the air eight years later in 1992.

Jell-O Commercials

Jell-O Commercials

As he started to become a household name, he became one of the first African-Americans to appear as an advertising spokesperson in the 1960s, paving the way for many others to follow his footsteps. He started with endorsing cigars, and then he endorsed the product that would become virtually synonymous with him. He had been long linked to Jell-O pudding and gelatin products through his many endorsements, including commercials that had become part of American pop culture. This includes Jello Pudding Pops that Cosby helped popularize throughout America with TV commercials for the dessert that “wiggles and jiggles” during the 1980s.

An Advocate for Education

An Advocate for Education

When The Bill Cosby Show went off the air, Cosby went back to school and got his bachelor’s degree. He then did his graduate work at the University of Massachusetts Amherst while recording segments teaching kids how to read for the PBS series The Electric Company. He would then receive his Master’s degree before going back into prime time television. Since then, he had become an advocate for education, which subsequently garnered him several honorary degrees from different schools throughout his life. He was also an outspoken critic of young African-Americans and hip-hop culture, including their mode of dress, use of vernacular in their language, and being enamored with the criminal lifestyle – somewhat an extension of his work in the Cosby Show.

He Still Does Stand-up

He Still Does Stand-up

At the age of 76, he returned to the stage for his first stand-up special in 30 years, entitled, “Bill Cosby: Far from Finished,” which aired on Comedy Central on November 23, 2013. The last show of the tour took place on May 2, 2015, which is just two months from him turning 78. It does show his longevity and staying power, being able to produce comedy material and work dates even at an advanced age. But it was during this time when the allegations of sexual assault that were in the periphery eventually became a major issue, one that would put a blemish on his legacy.

It Took a Brazen Young Comic to Take Him Down

It Took a Brazen Young Comic to Take Him Down

While Cosby had always been a subject of sexual assault allegations, it wasn’t that big of a deal at first. It took a young stand-up comic named Hannibal Buress to do a bit on Cosby and his alleged sexual transgressions in his own special on October 2014, which was very risky and potentially career-ending. But it was this brazen act that was the straw that broke the camel’s back as the resulting controversy finally got eyes to look towards what had been glaring all along. Hannibal Buress’ now-infamous Cosby bit went viral on the Internet, which then produced memes that took on a life of their own as the accusations started to pick up steam. The bit started off with questioning Cosby’s legacy of “talking down” to young African-American men about their dress and lifestyle, then suddenly questioning how Cosby could judge them when he had raped women. Buress would then encourage everyone to “Google ‘Bill Cosby rape'” when they got home. He had been doing this same Cosby routine for six months before the special with little to no response, but this October 2014 was the breaking point that finally took things to the next level. The viral bit also roughly corresponded to the release of Cosby’s biography, “Cosby: His Life and Times.”

The Internet Facilitated His Downfall

The Internet Facilitated His Downfall

Since Hannibal Buress’ routine went viral, the Internet had been merciless and over 50 women surfaced to confirm accusations of Cosby drugging and raping them. The earliest incidents went back to the mid-1960s when Cosby’s career was just starting to take off. There had already been women who accused him of these acts, but it was this sudden turn of events that had more alleged victims coming out of the woodwork. Cosby’s responses to these allegations also garnered notice from a wide audience, from him making fun of the accusations to the public release of his testimony from the 2005 civil lawsuit filed against him by Andrea Constand, wherein he admitted to casual sex involving the use of Quaaludes with a series of young women.

Jell-O Rebranding Pudding Pops

Jell-O Rebranding Pudding Pops

Throughout all of this, various entities that were previously associated with him eventually severed ties in light of information that surfaced mostly throughout 2015. Among them is Jell-O, the brand that had long been synonymous with Bill Cosby. The company had announced that Pudding Pops would undergo a rebranding, thus putting an end to its status as the Bill Cosby pudding. There had been concerns of Pudding Pops now seen as reminders and representations of his alleged misdeeds. The revamp is being done mainly to appease consumers and to preserve their own public image. Scenarios such as this are not uncommon in corporate America as recalls and product revamps seem to populate the news from time to time for countless reasons.

His Honorary Degrees Are Being Rescinded

His Honorary Degrees Are Being Rescinded

Along with companies putting a stop to their associations to the once-respected product endorser, over a dozen academic establishments that once honored Cosby with awards and honorary degrees have rescinded them. Numerous organizations have also severed ties with the comedian, with previously awarded honors and titles now revoked.

Reruns of His Shows Have Been Pulled Out

Reruns of His Shows Have Been Pulled Out

Finally, the shows that made him a household name that had been in syndication have been pulled out by networks, including The Cosby Show. Meanwhile, some of his former co-stars and colleagues had come forward in defense of the now-elderly comedian.

Bill Cosby had done a lot of good throughout his career, but he was far from perfect as his personal life may have been holding some dark secrets. Whether these secrets are indeed as his accusers described, we can only look back at a career of an entertainer and the Bill Cosby pudding as the changed media landscape now dominated by the far-less-forgiving social media arena continues to tear into his legacy.

You’ve Always Wanted To Ask It, But You Were Always Afraid To Ask: Are Ligers Real? Find Out Now!

youve-always-wanted-to-ask-it-but-you-were-always-afraid-to-ask-are-ligers-real-find-out-now

Back in 2004, everyone got to see the movie Napoleon Dynamite. If you’re not really that familiar with the movie, then you’re missing quite a lot in life. Napoleon is that awkward teen who has that curly and ruffled hair, a distinct accent and a pair of large lenses. This indie movie turned out to be a success, which is why it was then turned into a TV series in 2012. It’s hideously funny and the animation was just right. The main character, Napoleon always talks about his favorite animal, the Liger, which he loosely explained as a half lion and a half tiger. From there on people started to ask questions like “Are ligers real? and “Do they really exist at all? So let’s get the facts straight and see what Ligers are.

Ligers are the result of putting a Mama Tiger and and Papa Lion in one room.

Ligers are the result of putting a Mama Tiger and and Papa Lion in one room

Yup, you read that right. We all know that tigers are mostly from Asia, and lions are from Africa (or did you know at all!), and if you do know your geography then you know that there’s no chance that these two can mate in the wild. But of course, thanks to zoos all over the world, we don’t really need to fly off to Africa or Asia just to lay our eyes on these two beautiful beasts. The problem however is that due to the confined spaces, sometimes, the female animals in heat would mate with species that aren’t really their kind and poof you get hybrid species.

Ligers were bred by accident.

Ligers were bred by accident

By accident indeed! While these two animals are found in two separate continents in the world, there is this one place in the world where these two species overlap – the Gir National Forest. However dry and arid the area is, there’s no telling if this was where it all began. Then breeders began to couple the male lion and the female lion to create these creatures.

They are more like their Dads than their Moms.

They are more like their Dads than their Moms

Ligers got their facial features from their Moms. They have spotted faces with the distinct shape of a tiger’s head. Their body structure resembles more of their Dad’s, large, domineering body wrapped in a thick golden fur. Apart from that it is seen that their genetic coding also says that they are more like their fathers than their mothers.

They’re more prone to diseases because of their faulty genetics.

They’re more prone to diseases because of their faulty genetics

Genetics can be very difficult to put up with. It dictates the body’s structure, function and even physiology. One genetic mutation could cause diseases and even deaths even before one is born. Given that fact, it’s very understandable why ligers are very high risk species. Thanks to the differing DNAs of their parents, genetic abnormalities develop and therefore create more and more physiological problems for these animals.

Baby ligers are delivered only through Caesarian deliveries!

Baby ligers are delivered only through Caesarian deliveries

Baby ligers are so huge they can’t possibly be delivered through normal delivery procedure. They could tear their mother’s birth canal. So, instead of the normal delivery, the C-section is done to safely pull out the baby from the mother’s womb and to make sure that the Momma Tiger won’t die from giving birth.

Ligers are thought to be the biggest cats in the world.

Ligers are thought to be the biggest cats in the world

Record shows that they can grow up to 10 feet or more. Lions can grow up to 4 to 6 feet, while tigers can be 7 to 9 feet long, which can be the reason why these animals can grow so big. Their size is no match to any basketball player out there. Yao Ming stands at 7’6’’ while Hasheem Thabeet is 7’3’’. That’s a 3 feet deficit! Can you even imagine how big ligers can be? No wonder they’re the biggest cats in the world!

They can grow pretty heavy as well.

They can grow pretty heavy as well

These animals don’t just grow big, but they also weigh immensely heavy. Hercules, the liger from Miami weighed 410 kg, Nook from Wisconsin weighed 550 kg and Patrick from LA was 420 kg. That’s roughly equivalent to the weight of 7 people.

They can run as fast as a Ford Focus.

They can run as fast as a Ford Focus.

The recorded speed of a Liger is at 50 mph; they can be as fast as a Ford Focus Electric, Tesla Model S and Nissan Leaf.  They’re just a bit slower than the Cheetah, which can run up to 70 mph. Now that is pretty impressive for an animal so large and so heavy!

They can roar like a lion or grow like a tiger depending on the situation.

They can roar like a lion or grow like a tiger depending on the situation

Given that they have such different parents, it really no surprise that they would inherit a specific trait or two. That long list of characteristics and traits also include the sound that they can make. They say that ligers most of the time would sound like a lion, but there are some instances when you can hear them growl like tigers instead.

They live very short lives. Guess the 9 lives theory doesn’t apply to them.

They live very short lives. Guess the 9 lives theory doesn’t apply to them

Because of their faulty genetics, genes are not expressed properly and it could get pretty messy with their DNAs as well.  That could affect them in so many ways. We mentioned earlier that they are more prone to diseases, which make their lives even shorter than they are intended to be. So if you do fancy seeing a liger with your own eyes, you better make sure that you see it pronto because it wouldn’t really last that long.

Animal hybrids are very common. Remember the mules? They’re produced by a donkey and a horse. If you also have come across a Savannah Cat, then you ought to know that they’re from mating a domestic cat with an African cat.  They’re created sometimes for a specific purpose, and sometimes, they’re just an anomaly of nature that turns into something that’s worth everyone’s attention. There are many more animal hybrids out there. Do you know one? Let us know!

10 Most Amazing Small Wild Cats. Be Fascinated with the Elusive Bornean Bay Cat

10-most-amazing-small-wild-cats-be-fascinated-with-the-elusive-bornean-bay-cat

Small wild cats are not so different from the purring felines that live in our homes.  They are a little larger, stockier, and have longer tails than their domestic descendants, but they are identifiable in appearance from which our house pets descended.  Like the Borneo Bay Cat, these little wild cats have adapted to their wild environments and have blended thoroughly into the jungle.  Let’s get to know better these cats that are smaller, but incredibly intelligent and witty.

African Golden Cat

African Golden Cat

The African Golden Cat is about double the size of a big domestic cat with short tail, large paws and long legs.  It has a robust build with rounded heads which is considerably smaller than its body. Their primary preys are rodents, birds, monkeys, hogs and squirrels. These cats can live up to twelve years in captivity, but their life span in the wild is not known.

Asian Golden Cat

Asian Golden Cat

Known in Burma and Thailand as the “fire cat,” and in parts of China as the “rock cat,” the Asia Golden cats are the second largest group of Asiatic felines that inhabits in Southeastern Asia regions.  They are medium-sized with stocky build and weigh up to 35 pounds.  Their territories are primarily found in forests, including tropical and subtropical rainforest, as well as rocky areas.  These cats usually have a solitary life, hunting reptiles, birds, rodents, smaller mammals (young water buffalo), and farm animals (poultry, sheep and goats).

Iberian Lynx

Iberian Lynx

Iberian, or Spanish, Lynx (Lynx pardinus), is considered as highly endangered wild cat because of the disastrous crashes of European hares and rabbits through introduced diseases.  They inhabit mountainous wooded areas in southwest Spain, and are also found in Portugal.  As the other Lynx species, it has a ruff, black ear tufts, wide feet and a short black-tipped tail.  Various conservation programs are ongoing to prevent its extinction.

Black-footed Cat

Black-footed Cat

Among the small wild cats, the Black-foot cat is the smallest in South Africa and listed as vulnerable.  Due to its fierce nature when cornered, the cat is referred to as the “anthill tiger.”  They live in various regions of Southern Africa, including Nambia, Zimbabwe, and parts of Angola.  These cats usually hunt during night time beginning at sundown until sunrise.  Their preys are small animals like small birds, rodents, insects and spiders. Its unique characteristic is hiding its prey to be eaten at a later time. They got their name from the black coloring on the bottom of their feet, and they have large, round eyes.

Borneo Bay Cat

Borneo Bay Cat

Considered as a mystery member of the cat family, the Borneo Bay Cats are found only in Borneo, a small island in Indonesia, where they inhabit limestone rocks that border forests and jungles.  They are about the size of a large house cat, with a uniform, dark, chestnut red fur faintly speckled with black markings.  Its teeth are quite unusual, with the first upper premolar being smaller in size.  Borneo Bay cat is so elusive that it took over a century before researchers got a chance to study a live one in detail. Genetic testing discovered the cat is a unique species and is regarded as highly endangered.

Bob Cat

Bob Cat

Unlike many other wild cats, the Bobcats are not an endangered species.  They can be found from the southern parts of Canada through the northern regions of Mexico, as well as in Nova Scotia.  These cats are relatively small, but with their extremely muscular and stocky build, they can take down a deer.  They are difficult, secretive, solitary and adaptable.  They are good climbers and swimmers and eat almost any type of prey.

Servals

Servals

The Serval cats have 19 recognized subspecies.  They are native to Africa and majority of them are distributed across the south of Sahara in the Savannah near watercourses.    They are closely related to both the African gold cat and the Caracal.  Their bodies have black spots and a few stripes over a golden coat.  Sometimes, from a distance, they are mistaken for leopards or black panthers because of their large black ears that peek out of the grass.  These wild cats have the longest legs, relative to the body size of any cats, which allow them to jump and run up to 80 kilometers per hour and they can travel as much as 3 or 4 kilometers each night searching for food.

The Sand Cat

The Sand Cat

The Sand Cat, considered as a rare species, is the smallest of all wild cats that can be found in the arid deserts of northern Africa and the Southwest and Central Asia.  They have peculiar adaptation allowing them to live in places where other cats could not.  Their dense coat of fur insulates them from chilly temperatures at night, and they have strands of black hair on their paws to protect their toes from blazing sands.  They are regarded as non-aggressive and docile, making them a target for illegal pet traders.

Scottish Wild Cat

Scottish Wild Cat

Scottish wild cats are a very muscular tabby cat with thick coat of brown black fur with mild strips.  The shape of their face has resemblance with domesticated cats, but is typically twice bigger than domestic felines.  This type of cat is unique to Britain and can only be found in Scotland.

Margay

Margay

The Margay is small spotted cat that can be found in Central and South America.  It has a clever ability not seen in any of the other cats.  They are skilled at hunting amid the rainforest trees by nabbing anything like squirrels and frogs.  They are also capable of setting up a trap and can mimic the call of a small monkey to lure prey closer.

Wild cats are the probable family of our housecats, with the genetic trail for the split between wild and domestic cats dating back about 10,000 years ago.  Knowing them better would surely make us understand and appreciate their unique capabilities in surviving in the wild.

Is Investing In Gold A Good Idea: Facts You Don’t Know

is investing in gold a good idea

If you have money to invest, is investing in gold a good idea?

Such question and other similar queries are just proper for anyone who is in the process of making a choice where to put one’s money in.Actually there are so many types of investment available. Investing in gold or  silver, and later to sell it is just one of your many options.

Before one further pursues this question, you must know certain basic facts about gold investment:

1.     Gold is the most popular form of investment among precious metals

Gold is part of men’s history since the dawn of civilization and will continue to play a vital part in the present time and in the future.The allure and appeal of this yellow metal to man’s mind and imagination is beyond dispute.

Just like silver and platinum, gold is a precious metal which has a high demand throughout the world. As such, gold has high economic values. A number of people invest their money in gold as a strategy to preserve and maintain capital during hard economic times.

Some people reason out that in case an economy collapsed, the value of money will be worthless. In this scenario, you could trade in gold as a substitute for money.

Investment in gold serves as a hedge or protection against political, social and economic uncertainty or instability. The prices of gold tend to go up in the event of political or economic turmoil especially when the inflation is high.

2.     Investment in gold is a high-risk investment

High-risk investment is a kind of investment that carries with it a high potential risk or risk of loss in return for large profit or gains. While it is true that you can earn huge amount of profits from gold, there is always the tendency of losing some or all of your financial investment.If you are really contemplating investing money in gold then you must be in a position to afford losing your investment funds in view of the risk.

3.     The market for gold is subject to speculation

Just like in any other type of high-risk investment, gold is always subject to speculation like in futures contracts and derivatives.Future contract is an agreement between two parties to buy or sell a particular commodity of definite quality and quantity based on the price today, the delivery and payment of which is to be made at a specific future date. This simply reflects the expectation and intentions between the buyers who hopes that the price will be going to increase, while the seller hopes that the price will go down in the future.

is investing in gold a good idea

4.     The price of gold is subject to supply and demand

The price of gold is always subject to market fluctuations based on the supply and demand side of the market.  If you are planning to invest in gold, or buy and sell gold, you must constantly monitor any development in the market especially the price movement of gold and must be decisive and quick to make any decision to insure profits and avoid losses on the basis of gold market indicators.

5.     Gold does not earn interest or dividends

Unlike money in the banks or stocks of a company, gold itself as a form of investment does not earn any interest or dividends. The intrinsic value of gold depends upon factors outside of itself which is the appreciation or depreciation of its prices. Thus, it appears that it will always have this speculative element.

To be a wise investor in gold and to find the right answer to the question “is investing in gold a good idea” – you must have an informed judgmentOne way of doing this is to weigh and consider the facts presented here. Your sound judgment in the light of the basic facts is good as gold.

Things You Don’t Know About Forex Trading Computers

Forex Trading or Foreign Exchange Trading is one of the forms of business ventures you might consider placing your money. But have you ever heard of the word forex trading computers?

forex trading computers

It is not about selling your computers in a foreign exchange floor. I’m sure there are many things you don’t know about forex trading computers and what a forex trading guide is, if it is your first time to venture out in such undertakings.

What are Forex Trading Computers?

It is simply a specialized type of computer system solely built to cater to your requirements and needs in the forex market trading–laptops, multiple monitor arrays and memory bundles.It’s all about high performance PC.You need to have the right tools and equipment to make your pursuit in forex trading more professional, more efficient, more effective and more economical.

Surely a forex trading computer will enhance the way you do things in your office. Even if you are full-time or part time in the forex trading business, you cannot afford not to have a more accurate forex trading guide which a forex trading computer can do.

Based on the nature of the forex trading, you are the ultimate judge and arbiter if you’re going to trade on any trading day or not. But when you decided to do so, you must be properly equipped with the right tools that would give you a cutting edge and leverage over other traders not using forex trading computers.

If you intend to succeed in this trade, then needless to say, you need to have an office and the kind of computers and everything connected with it which is suited for this purpose.

forex trading computers

Importance of Forex Trading Computers

Data are needed for immediate decision making concerning the trends going on in the forex trading on any given day. You cannot afford to miss a single data crucial to your investment decision-making process: whether to buy or to sell or to hold or retain currencies.

Forex trading is both fluid and volatile. Once the trading session opens on a given day until it the session close, you must be actively monitoring each and every trend and development in your forex trading computer.

What you’re going to be monitoring through your forex trading computers is a market – where there are active players of buyers and sellers engage in investment decision every now and then; where the timeliness of your decision determines your profits or loss.

As an investor in the forex trade, you speak and express yourself through your forex trading computers. It is a good business strategy to have at least two or three monitors so that you can keep on tract with your trade and for you to view at once all the pertinent data such as the history charts.

In a business such as forex trading, forex trading computers are fast and more efficient with regards to data processing and complex mathematical computation than the average human mind. However, when it comes to decision-making it is you with the human mind and brain power that has the final say.

Forex trading computers are your means to an end – sound, wise and better investment decision making process to maximize your earnings.

Best Forex Trading Strategies for First Timers

Forex, or foreign exchange market and sometimes called the FX or currency market, deals with the global movement of currencies. The participants in these trading processes are typically the big banks. This is open 24 hours for every single weekday of the week. Traders deal with the different currencies in the different parts of the world using the best Forex trading strategies.

best forex trading strategies

On a larger scale, Forex operates on different layers. From the bigger financial institutions dealings goes through the dealers that proactively trades foreign exchange. These dealers can be smaller bank institutions or they can be insurance firms or other types of financial company.

As for business owners, foreign exchange works as a safety net for business owners. This process is done through locking in a fixed rate until the trading of commodities is done after a few days. This is to allow both companies very minimal loss, just in case.

How is it possible that people are now able to trade currencies?

It was mentioned earlier that Forex usually involved bigger banks and financial institutions. Then how come people who do not own a bank are able to participate in Forex? This was made possible because of the internet. Platforms were created so that people from the different parts of the world can have access to the data regarding foreign exchange. This opened an avenue for retail Forex trading.

The Major Players in Forex

When compared to stocks, where stocks have an endless list of products and brands, Forex traders usually only follow the major currencies that usually affect the world market as their forex trading guide. These are as follows:

  • United States
  • Canada
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • Germany
  • France
  • Spain
  • Italy
  • Japan

Some of the Market Concepts

There are several approaches to trading, whether it is in Forex or stocks. The best forex trading strategies depend on your goal and what your goal is and how comfortable you are with a certain approach. It is best, however, to get more information about these different approaches so you can choose whichever suits you best.

In addition, keep in mind that in foreign exchange trading, you are selling a currency to purchase another currency. So say for example, you have a Japanese Yen in your portfolio and you want to purchase US dollar currency. You will need to take some or all of your Japanese Yen, in exchange to US dollars. And when you change your mind and you want to buy back the Japanese Yen because you see a good and better potential, you will have to use your US dollars to buy the Japanese Yen. With that being said, a forex trading will have to include two currencies because you make your earnings from the differences in the value between two currencies.

Another approach traders do which is typically recommended for new traders in forex  is leveraging the returns. When done properly it doubles up your investment after a certain period of time. For example if there was an investment of $5,000 with 100,000 shares for USD/JPY and you got a yield of 7.5%, a foreseen 10:1 leverage would yield to a total of $3,760 every year. An amount that is a lot higher versus putting your $5,000 in a bank which is expected to earn a total of $250 a year.

With the best forex trading strategies shared with you, are you ready to start trading today?

Investing In Copper Pennies: More Cons Than Pros?

investing in copper pennies

Coin collectors are known to be very sentimental and even invest in copper pennies. But a lot of people wonder whether saving up on cents is a good idea. There are those who swear by copper pennies as the better alternative to gold or silver investing. While there are those (and they number in the majority) who think that pennies are just a waste of time. Is investing in copper pennies a good investment or not?

Let’s see both sides of the debate. You can make up your own mind whether the value of pennies as an investment is a penny-wise move, or a dollar-foolish one.

PROS

1.      The Copper in Copper Pennies is worth more than a cent

As of this writing, the melt price for scrap copper is around $3.24. A typical copper penny weighs around 3.11 grams. Let’s do some math here to come up with an amount. To get a pound of copper from copper pennies, you need approximately 146 copper pennies. Calculate how much a hundred and forty six pennies cost: $1.46.

The math should be proof enough for you. Get enough copper pennies, melt them, and then sell them by the pound. You get a 45% profit from this application (but take into consideration how much it costs melting metal).

2.      Copper Pennies have considerable value as collectors’ items

Coin collectors are willing to pay hundreds of dollars for a penny that’s rare. There are several pennies that never saw circulation and these are the coins that coin collectors will pay an arm and leg for.

investing in copper pennies

CONS

1.      You need a lot of coins

If you did the math above then you can certainly calculate how many coins it will take you to come up with a profit of, let’s say, $100. Ok, we know you hate math so we’re doing it for you: You need at least 4,507 pennies to earn a hundred bucks. Where can you find pennies that many?

2.      Some Pennies are Not even Copper

Pennies minted after 1982 are made of zinc. As you all know, zinc costs less than copper. They are also lighter than their copper counterparts. You’ll definitely need more and more zinc pennies to eke out a good profit.

3.     Melting coins are illegal

At least those that are currently in circulation. Make sure you check on your pennies before even considering melting them.

4.     Melting can be expensive

You need to find a good metal smith to do the job right. And these guys can charge you a pretty penny (pun intended). You can do it yourself, but we will warn you in advance that it can be difficult and dangerous.

There you go: the pros and the cons. Always remember that there are two sides to a coin, copper pennies included. Investing in copper pennies can be a fun hobby, especially if you’re out to collect the rare ones. But if you plan on melting the metal to sell then you need quite a lot of them to turn in a profit. A lot of people will argue that it’s just not worth the effort.

 

The Truth About How Forex Works

Have you heard about this great opportunity online that allows people to earn lots of money while at the comforts of their home? Thissounds pretty easy to start, as long as, you have some amount to start with. Besides, if this random guy was able to become successful in Forex trading, why can’t you? But, before jumping in, you definitely will want to know how Forex works. It just makes sense to understand at least the basic of things before you start investing.

How Forex Works

How do People Earn in Forex?

Back in the days, before the dawn of the internet, Forex is simply just changing your currency to the local currency of the country you are visiting and that’s about it, whereas nowadays, Forex could mean two things for different people. One, something to stay away from because it is difficult, or two, something that will make you instantly rich! The truth is, what most people think about Forex is just 10% true. One of the truths includes Forex as a form of trading. People earn in this trading by understanding the forex trading signals.

The earnings in Forex lie between the trader’s ability to foresee how a certain currency is going to behave against another. Although, there are different approaches about knowing how to trade currency, two of the most common ones are day trading and leveraging.

In day trading, investors do not leave anything in the portfolio overnight. Although the investment is a little high for the profit to matter, this could potentially provide a great return especially if the trader was lucky enough to invest in a good pair.

With leveraging, however, there is endless possibility even with a slightly smaller starting amount. But instead of selling a trade at the end of the day, traders tend to stick to the portfolio for a certain period of time. This puts a safety net in times when a currency dips a little lower than expected. In addition, with the way that is designed, traders are advised to hold their emotions together and not get carried away too much. For example, the power of an investment that can be doubled or tripled could result to a bigger loss if not moderated properly.

Conclusion

In a lot of ways, Forex can be compared to the stock market but is also a distinct market in itself. Although, technically, it is not a traditional market, due to the fact that it does not have an actual store, the earnings in knowing how to trade currency are relatively good.

Those people who want to start their endeavor with foreign exchange investments however are advised to take extra effort to learn the market. Even though they have backgrounds in stock markets, people are advised to take this trading more seriously by actually learning how Forex works. This is for them to avoid huge losses and for them to also make a good decision when they start investing. In this way, they know what to expect and at least have an idea what to do next.